New receivers for differentially encoded Offset-QPSK
Before a new mobile radio system will be standardised, an intense process of decision making is required concerning the different aspects of the system. One aspect is the definition of the air interface and in particular the employed modulation method. During the standardisation of the TETRA (Terrestrial Trunked Radio) system, the expert group decided to chose the linear modulation format ?=4-QPSK. One important point for decision making was the requirement to support power effcient, nonlinear amplifiers. Although the second candidate, Offset-QPSK (OQPSK) shows further reduced envelope fluctuations, the nonavailibilty of a conventional differential demodulator for OQPSK led to a clear preference for ?/4-QPSK. Differential demodulation is an attractive combined carrier phase estimation and demodulation technique on fast time selective fading channels.The work presented in the thesis is concerned with the synthesis and analysis of receiver algorithms for differentially encoded OQPSK signals, which fulfill the requirements of modern mobile radio systems. The thesis begins with an overview of the theoretical principles of digital modulation and optimum receivers. A description of mobile radio channels and the theoretical performance of PSK signals complete the basic chapter. A new receiver structure for DOQPSK using differential demodulation followed by a Viterbidecoder is then proposed. On this basis, an advanced algorithm suitable for general roll-off factors and with reduced complexity is derived and investigated. Following the differential demodulation, original algorithms for joint coherent demodulation and equalisation, which are based on the principle of per-survivor processing (PSP) are synthesised and discussed. These receiver structures are extended for the use in time and frequency selective mobile radio channels. With the aid of a computer simulation system the derived receiver structures are investigated. Simulation results on different linear and nonlinear channels are presented and compared with results obtained with standard ?=4-DQPSK receivers and the theoretical bounds. The thesis concludes with a description of the simulation tool COSSAP and gives examples of created and implemented simulation models. The results of a fixed-point analysis of one model is presented and the possibilities to synthesise a hardware implementation is discussed.
Titelzusatz / Titel übersetzt
Investigations in Differential Demodulation and Per-Survivor-Processing Algorithms
QPSK, COSSAP, TETRA
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